Property Insurance Measure a Mixed Bag
May 2, 2008
The bill has pros and cons for consumers and insurers.
By Lloyd Dunkelberger
LEDGER Tallahassee Bureau
The Ledger--May 2, 2008
TALLAHASSEE | A property insurance bill sent to the governor Thursday represents a mixed bag for consumers and insurance companies.
The bill (SB 2860) – approved by the Senate in a 33-5 vote – is a melding of the effort by Senate leaders to increase state regulation of the industry in order to keep rates down with the House leadership’s position that the way to lower rates is to revive the private insurance market. The House approved the bill 117-0 on Wednesday.
Consumers won in the decision to continue to freeze the rates until 2010 of Citizens Property Insurance, the state-run company that has become the largest residential insurer in the state. But critics continue to warn that the state’s overreliance on Citizens could ultimately lead to costly insurance assessments for all Floridians if the fund runs into the red after a major hurricane.
The insurance companies scored a victory in a provision that will force state insurance regulators to provide more public information on their rate decisions. The availability of that information could provide the basis for a successful legal challenge by the companies.
The bill eliminates the use of arbitration panels, which consumer advocates say have too often sided with the insurance companies in rate disputes.
But the bill also continues to limit Citizens to selling "wind only" policies in coastal areas more prone to storm damage. That was a win for the insurers who will still be able to sell more lucrative lines – such as theft or fire – to Citizens customers in some of the state’s most heavily populated regions while avoiding the potential risk of the windstorm coverage.
Sen. Jeff Atwater, R-North Palm Beach, called the bill "a very, very strong consumer-driven bill."
But the bill clearly did not go as far as some senators wanted after holding an unprecedented series of public hearings earlier this year where they had insurance executives testify under oath.
For example, the bill does not contain a Senate-backed provision to hold the insurance companies accountable under anti-trust laws.
"The bill is definitely better than nothing," said Sen. Steve Geller, D-Cooper City. "But we did not get as nearly as much as I would have liked out of it."
Kevin McCarty, the state insurance commissioner whose office oversees rate regulation, said "significant consumer safeguards" were maintained in the final agreement and he specifically praised Atwater, who is slated to become Senate president later this year, for his work.
In addition to banning arbitration panels, McCarty said consumers will benefit from another provision that prevents insurance companies from raising their rates and then asking state regulators to approve them. The use of so-called "use and file" rates will be banned until January 2010.
In the House, Rep. Dennis Ross, R-Lakeland, said the final bill did curb some of the Senate’s original regulatory proposals, while offering some incentives to private insurers to return to the Florida market.
Ross said the most significant incentives are the provisions calling for greater "transparency" in the state’s rate-regulating decisions. He also said the legislation calls for quicker decisions on rate filings, which now can take years to resolve.
"This bill represents some very small steps in the right direction to bring back a market," Ross said. "It’s probably the best we can do at this point."
Ross, who has been critical of Citizens’ ability to pay claims with its current rates, said he agreed with the decision to continue to freeze the state insurer’s rate, saying it would be too much of a "sticker shock" for consumers if lawmakers allowed higher rates at this time.
Insurance industry officials criticized the legislation, saying the increased regulatory efforts did not address the fundamental problem of Citizens and the state’s hurricane catastrophe fund, which provides backup insurance to the private market, from being able to pay all the claims if the state is hit by a major storm.
"If we have a hurricane, Citizens and the Cat fund are going to have trouble timely raising the money they need to pay the claims," said Sam Miller, a spokesman for the Florida Insurance Council. "That’s a crisis. I don’t know what regulatory crisis exists to pass this bill."
Miller also said the legislation increases Citizens’ exposure in major storms by removing a requirement that was to take effect in January that would have required Citizens-insured homes built within 2,500 feet of the coast to meet a special "Code Plus" building code.
The bill only requires the homes meet the standard Florida building code.
"If you can build an ocean-view house, why should you not be required to build it as well as you can build it to qualify for state-subsidized coverage?" Miller asked.
The bill now heads to Gov. Charlie Crist, who has been an outspoken critic of the property insurance industry.
Crist said Thursday from what he knows about the bill thus far, he is likely to support it.