Florida Police Chiefs Association Update: Week Ending May 31, 2013
May 31, 2013
The following is an informational update on law enforcement news, events, legislative developments and meetings relating to the Florida Police Chiefs Association community for the week ending May 31, 2013. Click on the hyperlinks in bold type to access all information.
Should you have any questions or comments, please contact Florida Police Chiefs Association lobbyists, Colodny Fass& Webb.
It’s official. No more texting and driving in the state of Florida.
In Florida’s Miami-Dade County, lawyers often meet their criminal defendant clients moments before they walk into the courtroom, without having visited the crime scenes or interviewed witnesses.
It won’t be an easy answer, but a group of Brevard County law enforcement officers, attorneys, service providers and advocates gathered for the first time Thursday to discuss how to help those in the community who have mental illnesses.
The debate over mental health and its relation to gun rights rages across the country, but when has it gone too far?
Boynton Beach Police Chief Matthew Immler plans to retire July 12.
The arrest of two Silver Springs men pictured holding guns and flashing gang signs on Facebook reflects a stubborn truth about those who use social media: No matter how many people commit personal, professional or political suicide, many still don’t comprehend the dangers of memorializing bad behavior on Facebook, Twitter and other sites.
The Columbia County Sheriff’s Office has been contacted by several concerned citizens about phone calls they have been receiving soliciting donations for the Columbia County Sheriff’s Office.
As crime hobbles Detroit’s attempts to revive itself, the city is bolstering its police department by having unarmed citizens patrol the streets in a program that costs less than annual salaries and benefits for three officers.
There’s a disturbing Wild West mentality out there when it comes to guns, where the right to own firearms has been challenged by the horrifying use of them in certain celebrated cases. Aurora, Sandy Hook, the attempted assassination of Rep. Gabby Giffords – all have become shorthand for gun violence that is out of control.
The overall number of inmates in the Bureau of Prisons’ three main types of segregated housing units–Special Housing Units, Special Management Units, and Administrative Maximum )–increased at a faster rate than the general inmate population. Inmates may be placed in SHUs for administrative reasons, such as pending transfer to another prison, and for disciplinary reasons, such as violating prison rules; SMUs, a four-phased program in which inmates can progress from more to less restrictive conditions; or ADX, for inmates that require the highest level of security. From fiscal year 2008 through February 2013, the total inmate population in segregated housing units increased approximately 17 percent–from 10,659 to 12,460 inmates. By comparison, the total inmate population in BOP facilities increased by about 6 percent during this period.
An increasing number of states, like New York, are expanding order of protection laws to allow teens to secure orders for dating violence without parental involvement. This report presents results of a study of OPs by teens as a remedy for dating violence by developing a comprehensive portrait of their use in New York. Findings indicate that even the lowest estimates of teen dating violence far exceed the number of OPs (1,200) requested for dating violence in the two years of study. As the at-risk teen focus groups reveal, teens are unfamiliar with the expanded law. In addition, the user group reports substantial barriers facing teens in obtaining orders, including being labeled as “snitches” by their peers, fears that OPs would not work, and ambivalence about giving up on the abusive relationship. In addition, more than 90 percent of the petitioners were female and respondents male. While all of the victims were teens, most of the abusers were not, averaging just short of 21 years old. The majority of respondents had prior criminal histories. Most victims alleged harassment, including cyber-stalking, and assaults.
In 2009, the National Institute of Justice funded a study examining the processing and prosecutorial outcomes of sexual assault cases. A team of researchers and practitioners focused specifically on case attrition, unfounded cases (those determined through investigation to be false or baseless), and cases cleared by exceptional means. The team involved in the study agreed that working together was helpful in obtaining information to advance the understanding of sexual assault reporting, investigation and processing, and improving agency practices. This article presented their insights about the benefits and difficulties of the collaboration process between researchers and practitioners.
According to the most recent national arrests estimates from FBI data, law enforcement agencies across the U.S. made 68,000 violent crime arrests involving juveniles under age 18 in 2011. This was a five-year decline of 32 percent compared with 100,000 arrests in 2006. Violent crime arrests involving older youth ages 18 through 24 dropped 12 percent between 2006 and 2011, from 176,000 to 155,000. Violent crime arrests of adults over age 24 continued to outnumber those of young people in 2011. Older adults were involved in 312,000 arrests for violent crimes that year. The number of arrests involving older adults also declined less in relative terms. Between 2006 and 2011, adult arrests fell just 7 percent, from 335,000 to 312,000.
2013 Florida Legislative Session Summary: Crime and Law Enforcement
Florida legislators didn’t do anything about guns or touch the state’s much-discussed “Stand Your Ground” law during the 2013 session.
They did, however, outlaw texting while driving, stop police from using aerial drones without search warrants and crack down on 27 new types of “designer” drugs, synthetic forms of pills and pot already outlawed. They funded the opening of a “re-entry” prison intended to improve education, job-training and drug rehabilitation for inmates who are within three years of getting out. They also sought to speed up the death penalty with bill certain to be challenged in court, requiring the Florida Supreme Court to annually report how many inmates on death row have been there more than three years.
An abortion bill requiring doctors to give prompt medical attention to babies who survive abortions went to the governor’s desk. But another one that would have made it a separate felony to injure a woman and cause her to lose a pregnancy died in both chambers.
After five years of trying, Sen. Nancy Detert, R-Venice, and Rep. Doug Holder, D-Sarasota, finally got a ban on texting while driving through the Legislature. But bills to stamp out use of red-light cameras and make drivers turn down their overly loud car stereos didn’t make it.
On the final day of the session, a bill by Sen. Alan Hays, R-Umatilla, forbidding application of any foreign legal code in Florida courts was killed. It did not mention any country or creed, but was widely called the “Sharia law” bill because proponents feared that some people might apply tenets of their faith to trump American constitutional rights.
Lawyers have wrangled for years over changing alimony reforms. With the successes of the feminist movement — more women advancing in education and careers — some successful men have argued that equality should apply to divorce, too. They contend, for instance, that it is unfair for a man to pay alimony to an ex-wife who moves in with a new partner but stays unmarried to prevent turning off the marital tap. The Florida Bar‘s Family Law Section contends, however, that changing alimony laws will hurt women — who are far more likely to give up education and career to support a husband who is advancing his own employability. The House voted for a reform package last year but the Senate let it die. This year, odds of passage looked better.
Rep. Ritch Workman, R-Melbourne, and Sen. Kelli Stargel, R-Lakeland, introduced “durational alimony” bills that would set time limits — generally half the length of a marriage — on alimony awards. Amounts would also be capped as a percentage of the paying partner’s gross income, depending on whether they were married for up to 11, 11 to 20 or more than 20 years. Also, the burden of proof would be on the party seeking alimony, to show why payments should be maintained, and paying partners could more easily get out of paying when they retire or have other loss of income.
Judges would still have discretion to depart from the rules, with written findings of fact.
2013 Session Summary:
The governor vetoed SB 718, expressing concern about it being retroactive.
Scott said allowing divorced people (mostly men) to go back into court and reduce or eliminate their alimony payments would be unfair to their ex-spouses who have come to depend on the income. Most often, those dependent ex-spouses will be women with children.
Workman made a futile attempt at reviving the bulk of the bill, deleting its retroactive reach and trying to tack it onto a separate measure as an amendment. But even he admitted it was a long shot. His late ploy didn’t work.
The issue will be back next year. Workman and Stargel noted that their bills cleared the Legislature with two-thirds majorities. With such strong support, a hot topic like this one doesn’t just go away.
But the Florida Bar is also a force to be reckoned with. It will be ready.
Issues of gun control have popped up in the Legislature almost every year, with little or no action. The National Rifle Association‘s state chapter, Unified Sportsmen of Florida, and its best-known lobbyist, former NRA President Marion Hammer, are very influential in the House and Senate — where Republican, conservative majorities hold sway. In the past, the state has authorized concealed-weapons permits, pre-empted most weapon regulation away from city and county governments, even regulated whether doctors can ask patients about gun ownership or employers can forbid employees to bring guns on company property in their locked cars. A few legislators, mostly from Southeast Florida urban areas, have futilely resisted.
Sen. Maria Lorts Sachs, D-Delray Beach, and Rep. Lori Berman, D-Boynton Beach, have introduced bills (SB 1640 and HB 1343) to require universal background checks. Despite the national debate sparked by the Aurora, Colo., and Newtown, Conn., mass killings last year, there is little prospect of favorable action on either bill. They were introduced March 8 and assigned to committees, where they might not even get a hearing. If they do, look for a massive outpouring of public comment from both sides — but Hammer’s contention that background checks have very little impact on crime will likely be more persuasive.
Another gun bill, HB 1355 by Rep. Barbara Watson of Miami Gardens, was worked out with Hammer and gun advocates. It is intended to prevent people who voluntarily commit themselves mental treatment, but are not legally declared incompetent in court, from legally buying firearms.
2013 Session Summary:
A group of Palm Beach County Democrats tried to get universal background checks for gun purchasers, including those who buy weapons at weekend gun shows, or even casual sales between friends. They cited polls indicating huge public support for background checks.
That argument didn’t work in Congress, and it didn’t move the Republican majority in Tallahassee, either.
No major gun bill got so much as a committee hearing.
The National Rifle Association rarely misses when it takes aim, and neither the background checks, local control of concealed-weapons permitting nor changes in the “stand your ground” self-defense law ever stood a chance.
This was not surprising to observers on either side of the gun issues.
TEXTING WHILE DRIVING; RED-LIGHT CAMERAS
Sen. Nancy Detert, R-Venice, returned for this past session with her bid (SB 52) to ban texting while driving. Rep. Doug Holder, R-Sarasota, sponsored a companion bill (HB 13). Debate over red-light cameras resumed with legislation (HB 4011) from Rep. Daphne Campbell, D-Miami, and Rep. Carlos Trujillo, R-Miami, to repeal statutes allowing local governments to use them at intersections is moving in the House. The texting ban was generally favored by the Senate but stumbled in the House, with key members averse to “nanny state” laws.
2013 Session Summary:
There was a little political intrigue on this one, but Sen. Nancy Detert and Rep. Doug Holder prevailed, having tried for five years.
They emphasized that they weren’t trying to punish drivers, so much as change people’s thinking about texting while driving. A generation ago, they pointed out, people drove around without seatbelts. But now, most people routinely buckle up because the “secondary enforcement” law on that pretty soon became an accepted rule of the road.
Similarly, Detert and Holder said young people today will grow up never knowing a time when texting while driving was permissible, and will accept the ban routinely. They emphasized that it’s a pretty important safety issue because cars at 40 mph can go more than a football field’s length in the few seconds it takes to type a message.
They had to accept a House amendment forbidding police to search cell phone records for texts, except in cases of death or serious injury. That’s where the intrigue came in: Detert voted against an unrelated “parent trigger” education bill, bucking her party’s leadership, so the Republicans punished her with a weakening amendment on her text-ban bill which, if she hadn’t accepted it, would probably have killed the bill during the final couple of days of the session.
The red-light camera issue never really stood a chance. Too many local governments want the revenue and have contracts with a private vendor for the computerized surveillance service.
Gov. Rick Scott signed the texting law in Miami May 28, 2013.
STAND YOUR GROUND
The 2005 self-defense statute that says residents can use deadly force when their lives are in danger was targeted for change after a Central Florida slaying on Feb. 26, 2012. The law was invoked as a defense by George Zimmerman, the neighborhood watch activist charged with second-degree murder in the killing of teenager Trayvon Martin in Sanford. Senate Democratic Leader Chris Smith, D-Fort Lauderdale, introduced a bill (SB 136) that would have severely curtailed application of “stand your ground.” The bill would allow police to arrest suspects pending investigation of their self-defense claims — Zimmerman was initially released, then charged after a national furor erupted — and require the Florida Department of Law Enforcement to keep statistics on how the law is used. A key provision would exclude from the law’s protection anyone who leaves a safe place and causes an incident. Zimmerman left his vehicle, against police advice, to challenge Martin, who was unarmed and walking home from a store at night.
Heated crime debate of the session was expected on “stand your ground” but Rep. Dennis Baxley, R-Ocala and sponsor of the law eight years ago, said he does not foresee major changes. Baxley noted that Zimmerman’s trial has not yet occurred and a task force created by Gov. Rick Scott after the Martin shooting did not recommend scrapping the “stand your ground” defense.
2013 Session Summary:
Nothing happened, as expected. Baxley’s 2005 bill is unassailable. The governor’s blue-ribbon commission, which held hearings across the state late last year, recommended no significant changes in the law. That would have been enough to block repeal or weakening of the statute, even if the National Rifle Association wasn’t such a major force in the Legislature.
The idea of weakening self-defense rights for law-abiding gun owners will likely never be plausible in the Legislature. And besides self-defense, proponents of “stand your ground” have argued that the law was misapplied in Zimmerman’s case, because he left his SUV and initiated a confrontation with Martin.
Smith’s bill would have prevented use of the law when the shooter starts an incident, and would have required the FDLE to compile data on how often the law is cited as a defense, but lawmakers were not willing to reopen the 2005 statute at all.
SYNTHETIC CANNABIS/BATH SALTS
For many years, Florida police agencies have struggled to keep up with new versions of synthetic “designer” drugs, often sold in convenience stores until deemed illegal. Drugmakers make minor chemical changes so they are, technically, not selling marijuana, hallucinogens, amphetamines, pain killers or other types of controlled substances. Gov. Rick Scott and Attorney General Pam Bondi successfully fought to curb “pill mills” — the clinics dispensing prescription drugs with little or no control — in their first two years in office. Bondi has also fought the powders and other substances known as “bath salts” and other street names. The list needs to be updated periodically to ban newly designed substances.
Pending legislation would add 27 additional substances to the illegal list, making it a felony punishable by one to five years to “sell, manufacture or possess with intent to sell” the drugs. Sen. Rob Bradley, R-Orange Park, and Rep. Clay Ingram, R-Pensacola, sponsored the legislation (SB 294, HB 619). “Synthetic drugs, sometimes marketed as ‘incense,’ ‘potpourri,’ ‘K2,’ ‘spice’ and ‘bath salts,’ can cause psychotic episodes, hallucinations, seizures, paranoia, tremors and more,” Bondi said. “Synthetic drugs are a danger to users and those around them.”
2013 Session Summary:
This is almost an annual housekeeping chore for the Legislature.
Drug dealers keep coming up with new variants of their drugs, and the state keeps outlawing them. There are probably endless chemical permutations that can be recombined to evade existing laws and market something “new.”
As she did when “bath salts” were popular with spring breakers. Attorney General Pam Bondi can get emergency orders to stop retailers from selling the packets, which are sometimes designed to look like candy — complete with characters similar to pets and other characters on popular Saturday children’s TV shows.
The dealers will probably take their now-illegal products and change a molecule here or there, and try again. And Bondi will respond with an emergency order, and the Legislature will update the list again next year
Modern technology has made it possible for police agencies to use unmanned aerial surveillance to search wide areas quickly. Drones are available to even private purchasers who can afford them, with no current state laws restricting their use. Sen. Joe Negron, R-Stuart, introduced a “Freedom from Unwarranted Surveillance Act” (SB 92) that forbids law-enforcement agencies to use drones to track suspects, without a search warrant. The bill would not apply to federal agencies or to state, county or city law enforcement officers who are working with the federal government in anti-terror investigations or other operations authorized by the Department of Homeland Security. Residents could obtain civil court orders to stop drone intrusion into their property and any evidence gathered by such surveillance without a warrant would be inadmissible in court.
2013 Session Summary:
This was one of those “nanny state” or “big brother” bills: It wasn’t really happening, but people just didn’t like it.
From the start, Negron’s Senate bill looked sure to pass. He worked out details with law enforcement, to permit drones to be used in emergencies, and with lawyers, to safeguard privacy by requiring search warrants — which can be obtained electronically.
Miami-Dade police said they have the only two drones in use in Florida, and they had not used them in an actual case. They almost cranked one up once, but the stake out was resolved before the drone got airborne.
Sen. Greg Evers, R-Baker, questioned whether the government might just keep an eye on crowds of legally, peacefully assembled people — like tea party members at a rally, or a Super Bowl. Negron replied that they would not be used, under his bill, except in an emergency (escaped fugitives, missing children) or for measuring the boundaries for a wild fire or hurricane damage.
On April 24, 2013, Governor Rick Scott signed SB 92 into law, with Negron and Rep. Ritch Workman, R-Melbourne, by his side.
The abortion debate has rarely subsided in the 40 years since the U.S. Supreme Court‘s landmark Roe v. Wade ruling, which struck down state abortion laws across the country and identified a right to privacy between a woman and her physician.
From North Dakota to Kansas to Florida, Republican legislators are pressing anti-abortion measures this year. State legislatures this year are considering at least 300 proposals that challenge the Roe ruling in various ways.
Florida legislators this year had three major proposals — one simply outlawing the procedure, another forbiding an abortion for reasons of race or sex and a third granting rights to an infant born during a botched abortion.
2013 Session Summary:
Florida lawmakers did not pass any abortion bills in 2012. This year, proponents to restrict abortion rights filed fthree bills and one survived the committee process and awaits the governor’s signature.
The measures that failed included SB 1072/HB 845 which would have required an affidavit stating that race or sex was not a factor in seeking an abortion. And a wide ranging SB 1056/HB 395 would have ban abortions in most circumstances never made it out of any committee.
However, HB 1129 by Rep. Cary Pigman, R-Avon Park, an emergency room doctor, sailed through the floor debates in both chambers without a single no vote. Even Planned Parenthood dropped its opposition after a lobbyist’s botched appearance before a committee and a provision severing parental rights was stripped from the bill.
HB 1129 provides that infants born alive during an attempted abortion are entitled to the same rights as any naturally born child. The health care provider present must give gestational-age appropriate medical care and ensure that the infant is transported to a hospital for continued care. Failure to do so becomes a first degree misdemeanor.
It is the first abortion-related bill in two years to be sent to the governor’s office. Scott has said he “looks forward to signing” the measure.
On April 30, 2013, the Senate passed the born-alive bill (HB 1129) unanimously and sent it on to the governor, who later signed it into law.
“SMART JUSTICE” CORRECTIONAL RE-ENTRY TREATMENT FACILITIES
There’s a “smart justice” proposal to convert three empty 400-bed prisons to “re-entry centers,” directing the state to move nonviolent offenders into them for the final three years of their sentences. Emphasis would be on literacy and job training, along with drug and alcohol counseling. Scott’s budget contemplates one prison becoming a re-entry center. No further prison closings are planned, although there will be a push for further privatization in inmate health care the remaining 14 work-release centers not already in private operation. Scott proposes $1,000 bonuses for correctional officers and probation officers, and $500 payments to nondirect care staff, in recognition of falling recidivism rates.
2013 Session Summary:
Prison privatization will always percolate in the system. This year, the deal is 2,300 health-care jobs, with expectation that many of those state workers will catch on with the private companies. There will be considerable debate and protests by unions representing state-employed prison officials, but the Legislature is moving in that direction. The House voted 116-1 for the “smart justice” idea but it never got out of Senate appropriations.
The Legislature did fund $2.4 million to open the Gadsden Re-entry Center, a new 432-bed facility for inmates in the last three years of their sentences, to enhance their job training and drug rehabilitation.
MILITARY FUNERAL PROTESTS
Reps. Dane Eagle, R-Cape Coral, and Pat Rooney, R-West Palm Beach, want to stop loud protests at funerals — such as services for military members killed in Afghanistan. House Bills 15 and 185 would require protestors to stay 500 feet away from church property and forbid protests an hour before or after a funeral. Senate Bills 118 and 240 have the same goal.
Funeral protests have become more common in the past decade, largely because of the influence of the Topeka-based Westboro Baptist Church led by the Rev. Fred Phelps. He claims God is punishing the United States for tolerating homosexuality. Members of the church often protest military funerals carrying signs that read “Thank God for Dead Soldiers,” among other slogans.
2013 Session Summary:
Public revulsion at the antics of the Westboro Baptist Church made this one a no-brainer. There was no opposition or real debate on the bill.
Once it becomes law, there might be some challenges on First Amendment grounds — not because plaintiffs agree with Phelps and his followers, but because any limits on First Amendment freedoms draw legal challenges.
But the First Amendment Foundation didn’t lobby against the bill — and it does allow people to state their views, however controversial or annoying, at a distant time and place from military funerals.
HB 185 died in the House Criminal Justice Subcommittee on May 3, 2013.
APPLICATION OF FOREIGN LAW
For several years, some legislators have been concerned about application of Sharia law, or other faith-based requirements of various religions, to family law and other legal matters. But many other lawmakers, and interest groups lobbying on civil-liberties issues, have called the issue an insult to Muslims and a threat to Florida’s business-friendly relations with foreign investors.
Rep. Larry Metz, R-Groveland, and Sen. Alan Hays, R-Umatilla, introduced bills forbidding use of any other nation’s laws in Florida courts if they do not afford the same constitutional protections as the state and federal constitutions. However, partners in a business or couples in a divorce could still voluntarily abide by the laws of their countries or rules of their religions, affecting property or personal rights. Past references to “Sharia law,” the code of Muslim countries, were deleted this year and the pending legislation deals with “foreign law.”
2013 Session Summary:
Although the bills did not specify any country or creed, they became known as the “Sharia law” bills because proponents feared that some courts might allow litigants to invoke principles of their religious beliefs to settle domestic disputes.
Some Jewish members in the Senate objected that the law, if passed, might interfere with a get — a part of Hebraic law that requires permission for divorce. Couples married in Israel and seeking divorce in Florida might get snagged by a ban on use of a foreign custom or law, even if both parties agreed, opponents said.
Also, opponents pointed out that Florida courts were not routinely consulting the Talmud or laws of other cultures in resolving lawsuits or divorces.
The bill will undoubtedly be back next year, though. There is a strong emotional tug about not letting anything trump what’s in the U.S. Constitution.
On May 3, 2013, SB 58 failed on a procedural point. The House bill arrived on the Senate floor on the eve of adjournment and, as the session clock ran out, Hays would have needed unanimous consent, under the rules, to take it up. Several Jewish members, particularly, raised concerns that the prohibition of foreign legal doctrines might interfere with religious divorces granted in Israel for people who live in Florida. Knowing there was no chance of unanimous consent, Hays decided to wait until next year and the bill died with adjournment.
Statewide Law Enforcement Radio System: The Florida Department Of Management Services’ Division of Communications announces a public meeting to which all persons are invited. The Technical Committee will submit the revised SOP’s for approval along with other administrative and operational matters related to the Statewide Law Enforcement Radio System. To view the meeting notice, click here.
DATE AND TIME: Wednesday, June 5, 2013, 9:30 a.m.
PLACE: 4052 Bald Cypress Way, Room 301, Tallahassee, FL 32399
A copy of the agenda may be obtained by contacting: Debi Smith at (850)922-7435 or Debi.Smith@DMS.MyFlorida.com. (Pursuant to the provisions of the Americans with Disabilities Act, any person requiring special accommodations to participate in this workshop/meeting is asked to advise the agency at least 5 days before the workshop/meeting by contacting: Debi Smith at (850)922-7435. If you are hearing or speech impaired, please contact the agency using the Florida Relay Service, 1(800)955-8771 (TDD) or 1(800)955-8770 (Voice).
Safe Operation of Motor Vehicles: The Department of Highway Safety and Motor Vehicles, Bureau of Motorist Compliance, Medical Advisory Board announces a public meeting to which all persons are invited. The purpose of the meeting is to discuss medical conditions that affect the safe operation of a motor vehicle and to develop educational materials for the public, law enforcement and medical professionals on the medical review process and how to report medically at-risk drivers. To view the meeting notice, click here.
DATE AND TIME: Saturday, June 8, 2013, 8:30 a.m.
PLACE: DoubleTree by Hilton Hotel, 101 South Adams Street, Tallahassee, Florida 32301
A copy of the agenda may be obtained by contacting: Mr. Michael Sarvis, Bureau of Motorist Compliance, 2900 Apalachee Parkway, MS 86, Tallahassee, Florida 32399, email: MichaelSarvis@flhsmv.gov. Pursuant to the provisions of the Americans with Disabilities Act, any person requiring special accommodations to participate in this workshop/meeting is asked to advise the agency at least 5 days before the workshop/meeting by contacting: Mr. Sarvis at (850) 617-2710. If you are hearing or speech impaired, please contact the agency using the Florida Relay Service, 1(800)955-8771 (TDD) or 1(800)955-8770 (Voice).
The Florida Police Chiefs Association is holding its 61st Annual Summer Training Conference and Exposition, June 16 – 19, at the Hyatt Regency Coconut Point in Bonita Springs. For more information, click here.
The Florida Police Chiefs Association, in cooperation with the Florida Criminal Justice Executive Institute, has scheduled an Advanced Future Law Enforcement Executives Seminar from August 19 – 23, 2013, at the Embassy Suites Lake Buena Vista in Orlando, Florida. This training is structured as a sequel course for graduates of the FPCA/FCJEI’s Future LE Executives Seminar or for those who have been in a command position for three or more years. For more information, click here.
The Florida Police Chiefs Association, in cooperation with the Florida Criminal Justice Institute, has scheduled a Future Law Enforcement Executives Seminar from September 16 – 20, 2013, at the Embassy Suites Lake Buena Vista, 8100 Lake Street in Orlando, Florida. For more information, click here.